Education is a gradual process that brings about positive changes in life and human behavior. We can also define education as “a process of acquiring knowledge through the study or dissemination of knowledge through instructions or some other practical procedure.”
Education also means helping people to learn to do things and to encourage them to think about what they learn. It is also important for educators to teach ways to find and use information. Through education, knowledge of society, country and world is passed down from generation to generation. In democracies, through education, children and adults must learn how to be active and effective citizens. More specifically, education helps and guides individuals to transform from one class to another. Empowered individuals, societies, countries for education are taking care of individuals in the bottom pyramid of growth.
Types of Education
Education goes beyond what occurs within the four walls of the classroom. A child receives education from their out-of-school experiences, as well as from those within, based on these factors. There are three main types of education, namely formal, informal and non-formal. Each of these types is briefly described below.
Formal education is usually in school, where a person can learn basic, academic or business skills. Small children often attend a nursery or kindergarten, but often formal education begins in primary school and continues with secondary school. Post-secondary education (or higher education) is usually at a college or university that can award an academic degree. It is associated with a particular or stage and is provided under a particular set of rules and regulations. Formal education offered by specially qualified teachers should be efficient in the art of instruction. Also observe strict discipline. The student and the teacher are aware of the facts and are involved in the education process.
Informal education can be a parent teaching the child to prepare a meal or ride a bicycle. People can also get an informal education by reading many books from a library or educational websites. Informal education is when you are not studying in a school and you do not use any particular learning method. In this type of education, conscious efforts are not involved. It is neither pre-planned nor deliberate. It can be learned in some market, hotel or home. Unlike formal education, informal education is not transmitted by any institution, such as school or college. Informal education is not given according to any fixed schedule. No defined curriculum is required. Informal education consists of experiences and real lives in the family or community.
Non-formal education includes basic adult education, adult literacy education or preparation for school equivalency. In non-formal education, someone (not in school) can learn literacy, other basic skills, or work skills. Home schooling, individualized instruction (such as scheduled learning), distance learning and computer-assisted instruction are other possibilities. Non-formal education is transmitted consciously, deliberately and systematically. It should be organized into a homogeneous group. No way, education should be programmed to meet the needs of the identification group. This will require flexibility in curriculum design and evaluation scheme.